Out of roughly 75 million American adults, only a few do what is necessary to keep their high blood pressure under control. In addition, many children also develop HBP which exponentially increases their risk for heart disease and stroke,
The effects of HBP can be devastating. One in three adults are afflicted with high blood pressure but only half that number have it under control. Do you know if you’re doing all you can? Uncontrolled, HBP can lead to a stroke by weakening and damaging your brain’s blood vessels. This will cause them to narrow, rupture, or leak. It can also cause blood clots in the arteries leading to your brain.
Have your blood pressure checked regularly
Recent reports show that some BP medications are ineffective and can cause terrible side effects. Make sure you have your blood pressure checked on a regular basis.If you do not have a family doctor or a regular, certified health professional with whom you confide many Federally funded health and wellness programs are available free for blood pressure and related screenings through state, county, and local health organizations. Many drug stores now provide this as a free service. Be proactive to protect your body and your health.
More than 350000 annual deaths in the United States included HBP as a primary or contributing cause. That’s an average of 1000 deaths each day that can be attributed to HBP.
There are several stages related to blood pressure measurements and you should be aware of the different categories. Blood pressure readings have two numbers and are given in millimeters of mercury (mm Hg). The first number, systolic pressure, measures the pressure in your arteries as your heart beats. The second number, diastolic pressure, measures the pressure in your arteries between beats, or when the heart is at rest.
Normal Blood Pressure: Systolic pressure is below 120 mm Hg, diastolic pressure is 80 mm Hg or lower.
Prehypertension: Systolic pressure is consistently measured from 120-139, diastolic pressure from 80-89 mm Hg. Prehypertension usually worsens over time, people are likely to develop high blood pressure unless steps are taken to control it.
Hypertension Stage 1: Systolic pressure is consistently measured from 140-159, diastolic pressure from 90-99 mm Hg. At this stage, doctors are likely to prescribe lifestyle changes and may consider adding blood pressure medication.
Hypertension Stage 2: Systolic pressure is consistently measured at levels greater than 160/100 mm Hg. At this high level, doctors are likely to prescribe a combination of blood pressure medications along with lifestyle changes.
Hypertensive crisis: This a severe increase in blood pressure and may require emergency medical attention. If your blood pressure is higher than 180/110 mm Hg and you are NOT experiencing symptoms such as chest pain, shortness of breath, back pain, numbness/weakness, changes in vision or difficulty speaking, wait about five minutes and take it again. If the reading is still at or above that level, you should CALL 9-1-1 and get help immediately. Learn more about the two types of hypertensive crises.
Don’t wait for a crisis. Call your doctor or other certified health professional to have it checked if you have anything other than normal blood pressure readings.